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所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大

2021-02-21 20:00来源:互联网编辑:小狐

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图1)

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图2)

小米谈考试 ·备考

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图3)

创造性写作要多练,从续写故事,看图写作到围绕某个话题的写作都要练习到。

小米谈考试 ·对时间的掌握

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图4)

小米谈考试 ·答题

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图5)

读题要仔细,答非所问会丢分。有时题目会告诉考生需要写多少。如果题目要求用一句话来回答问题,就一定要写一句话。因为就算多写一些句子也不会多得分,反而有可能丢分。

小米谈考试 ·

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图6)

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图7)

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图8)

Section A

第一题题目:

1 Pick out 2 or 3 details from the passage which give you the impression that this book is set some time ago. Briefly explain why you chose those details. 2 marks

参考答案:

Firstly, we are told that there are ‘lamps’ provided on the train. This refers to a light which burns gas or oil. These are no longer provided on trains as lights are powered by electricity, suggesting that the passage is set a long time ago.

Secondly, we are told that the windows are touched by puffs of cloudy whiteness. This refers to the steam being given off by the trains engine. This shows that the passage is set in the past as trains are now powered by electricity and do not give off steam.

Thirdly, the noise of the train is compared to kicking against a baths tin sides. This suggests that the passage is set a while ago as baths are no longer made from tin today, rather from porcelain or plastic.

第一题答题技巧:

这是一道两分题,在整份试卷中占比最低。所以不要浪费太多时间在上面。答案要简明扼要:用一句话概括这个细节,另一句话解释你的观点。

题目要求找出故事中两到三处细节来说明这个故事发生在很早之前。我们建议写三点,以防万一其中一点不成立。

Section A

第二题题目:

2 How does the writer show the differences between the characters of the three children - Peter, Phyllis and Bobbie? You could refer to short phrases or words to make your point but do not copy out long sentences. 4 marks

参考答案:

Peter is clearly presented as the leader of the children in this passage, and Phyllis and Bobbie as his followers. Peter gives the children clear instructions, telling them ‘Come on, … Quick! Manhole!’. This suggests that he is in charge of the group and their activities. This is further emphasised by the short sentences, punctuated with forceful exclamation marks, in which he speaks and the assertive tone of his instructions. Moreover, we are told that ‘Peter caught hold of Bobbie’s arm, ‘in case she should be frightened’. This shows that Peter is protective of the other children and further asserts his position as the leader of the group.

By contrast, Phyllis and Bobbie are shown to be less confident than Peter. Both of them follow Peters lead and follow him. However, Phyllis is presented as the least confident of the three. She continually protests about continuing into the tunnel, saying let me go back and struggling against Bobbie who has to drag【ged】 her towards the manhole. This clearly suggests that Phyllis feels uncomfortable with the situation, emphasised by the fact that she crie【s】 out to the others, rather than merely staying calm and following them. Moreover, Bobbie tells Phyllis not to be a coward. This asserts Bobbies comparative confidence and shows that she is not afraid of the tunnel which represents a contrast to Phyllis. Thus, the differences between the childrens characters are rooted in their confidence or lack thereof in going into the tunnel.

第二题答题技巧:

回答这道题目时,需要仔细考虑你对词汇,标点和句式的运用,尽量做到多样化。不要一味追求写复合句。长短句搭配使用才能使文章更为生动。

写完注意检查,不要混淆文中的人物,尤其是Phylllis 和Bobbie。

Section A

第三题题目:

3 Look again at lines 40-42 “The roar of the advancing train… baths tin sides”. Why do you think it is effective to describe the noise of the train in this way? 5 marks

参考答案:

The author uses a simile to convey a vivid impression of the train coming through the tunnel. He states that the train’s roar was ‘louder than the noise you hear when your head is under water in the bath and both taps are running, and you are kicking with your heels against the bath’s tin sides’. This comparison is effective as it clearly conveys the overwhelming and all encompassing noise which the train is creating in the tunnel. This is all the more effective as the comparison to being in a bath is something which the reader can clearly understand and relate to it in a visceral manner. Thus, the reader can understand what the children are experiencing in the tunnel: both the excitement of Peter and Bobbie and the terror of Phyllis.

In addition to this, the image of being under water imitates the setting of the tunnel. Having ones head underwater makes sounds less defined and mimics the noises of the train echoing around the tunnel. This creates a vivid impression of the setting for the reader and again provides a reference point for the sensory experience of the children, thus ng the comparison effective.

Moreover, the author makes this comparison all the more effective by using a list of three sounds. This list creates a vivid sense of the overwhelming sensory experience which the children are experience. This is further emphasised by the author’s use of the polysyndeton of ‘and’ which conveys not only the multifaceted elements of both touch and sound but also conveys the pace at which the train is approaching. Thus, this makes the author’s simile all the more vivid and exciting for the reader.

第三题答题技巧:

这里最主要的写作手法是明喻 (simile)这一点需要很明确的写出来并用P.E.E结构进行分析。其他写作手法包括list of three和polysyndeton, 但最重要的是明喻。如果可以写出并分析其他两种写作手法就可以拿到更高的分数。

Section A

第四题题目:

4 Look again at lines 53-55 “And now… the tunnel”. How does the writer create the drama and tension of this moment? 4 marks

参考答案:

Firstly, the author creates tension by appealing to the senses of the reader in the passage. He uses the sounds ‘a roar and a rattle’ of the train, the flash of light, the ‘smell of smoke’ and the ‘blast of hot air’ which the children experience. This emphasises the drama of the moment as the reader feels like they are there with the children in the tunnel. This is further underpinned by the use of alliteration. The author enhances the sound of the train approaching which he describes as ‘a rush and a roar and a rattle’. The repetition of the ‘r’ sound mimics the sound of the train travelling over the rails and increases the tension of the moment as the train approaches the children.

Moreover, the drama of the moment is increased by the onomatopoeia employed by the author. He describes the clanging and jangling of the train creating a vivid impression of the noises of the train reverberating around the tunnel. These verbs imitate the sound of the train and thus add to the drama of the scene in the readers mind as they are able to almost hear the sounds themselves. Thus, by appealing to all the senses of the reader and intensifying them through the use of rhetorical devices, particularly the onomatopoeia and alliteration related to the sounds of the train, the author is able to heighten the drama and tension of this scene.

第四题答题技巧:

这道题和第三题类似,都是需要我们对文中的一段文字进行分析。

描写了火车飞驰而来的声音 ‘a roar and a rattle’, 光亮 the ‘flash of light’,气味 the ‘smell of smoke’ 和三个孩子感受到的 the ‘blast of hot air’这一点很重要,最好在前几句话中就写出来。

这是一道四分题,我们建议写两点,并对每一点进行分析。

小米谈考试 ·写作考题解析

所以想要备考充分,七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大(图9)

Section B

例文

An ugly shade of purple filled the air; the placid, controlled grey that had previously coloured the clouds had been chased away, like a timid mouse in the presence of a predatory tomcat or pernicious owl. The sinister blotches spat out torrents of water which tumbled down directly upon us. The foaming waves continued to beat down against the razor sharp rocks. Each rolling crescent reached a deafening crescendo as it clattered against the shore. There was no respite from the water. Everything: sodden.

I bent down, pretending to ready myself to lift one of the scattered chests from the beach to the wagon. In reality, I was doubled over from the exhaustion of the whole exercise. The water seemed to drag away a man’s energy like the waves clawing at the beach as the tide goes out. I was glad to have completed my time hauling in rope to retrieve cases of innumerable shapes and sizes from the water. At least now it was only my nostrils which burnt from the salt of the sea’s sharp spray rather than my delicate palms. The other men seemed not to care as they diligently went about their thankless task, their souls as hardy as their hands after years of this relentless work.

“Get a move on! You lazy oaf!” howled the leader of our motley crew.

His coarse words were directly aimed at me and me alone. I groaned with effort (and a few muttered curses) as I raised the chest a few millimetres off the ground. With all my strength - and an unshakable desire to avoid the scorn of my peers - I heaved the chest onto the cart. I fell backwards. My clothes clung to me like a barnacle to a ships hull as I sunk further into the soft sand. Round the cove, the haunting silhouette of the shipwrecked vessel swayed, almost serenely in the swirling wind, back and forth against its rocky prison. The last of the crates trickled onto the beach and the thought of home; its roaring fire and edible, if not exceptional, supper loomed large in my mind. Desperate men will do desperate work … .

写作部分答题技巧:

七橡树的这份写作题目难度很大。我们建议选择第一题。选择第二题的确有更大的发挥空间,但很有可能会因为要plan一个完整的故事而浪费时间。一般来讲,在有限的时间内,写一篇描述性作文要比写一篇完整的、吸引人的故事要容易一些。

语法和拼写要正确,段落要清晰,写完以后仔细检查。

例文分析:

第一段:

我们没有直接写暴风雨即将来临,而是运用明喻来描写天空的颜色。这样写可以使文章更生动,但类似于这样的描述可以用在很多写关于冬天的作文里。

第一段主要用来set the scene。尽量做到词汇和标点运用的多样化。

第二段:

按照题目要求描写人物。如果你站在暴风雨即将来临的海边,你会有什么样感受和想法?描写一下你的看到的、听到的、闻到的、尝到的和触摸到的。

在例文中我们运用了明喻和头韵(alliteration)的写作手法。如果你可以熟练运用不同的写作手法 ,你的写作分数会大大提高。

第三段:

这是一个很短的段落 – 只有一句话,这和前两个长段落行程鲜明对比,使文章更有层次感。另外,我们在这段里用了direct speech。Direct speech能让你的作文更生动,但要注意标点符号的使用。

第四段:

第四段又是一个比较长的段落,同时也包含文章的结尾。在这段中我们运用了不同标点符号使文章更生动。如果在文章末尾用省略号,一定别忘记在省略号后面加上句号。

本文相关词条概念解析:

写作

写作是运用语言文字符号反映客观事物、表达思想感情、传递知识信息的创造性脑力劳动过程。作为一个完整的系统过程,写作活动大致可分为“采集—构思—表述”三个阶段。与作家的自由写作、职业人群的专业写作不同,语文课程意义的写作,是学生在教师指导下按照特定要求用书面语言创造文本,以发展和提高自身写作能力的学习活动。简单来说,写作是生活中与人沟通、交流、分享信息的一种方式,就像我们平常说话一样。写作就是用笔来说话。

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