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2021-04-16 12:46来源:互联网编辑:小狐

第一部分:如何引出话题

1对立法:先引出其他人的不同看法,提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法,适用于有争议性的主题。

*1+ When asked about..., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that …. But I think/view a bit differently.

当被问及道......的话题,大多数人认为,但是我却持有一点反对意见。

*2+ When it comes to ...., some people believe that…. Others argue/ claim that the opposite/reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguments/statements, but I tend to the former/latter.

一提到....一些人相信....另一部分人却不这么认为。这两种观点都有相对正确的地方,但我更倾向于前者(后者)

*3+Now。

itiscommonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that..... They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether..... 现在,普遍的观点认为...他们坚信....但我对此却表示怀疑...

2现象法:引出要剖析的现象或者问题,评论。

1 Recently the rise in the problem/phenomenon of ...

has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern.

2 Recently the issue of the problem/phenomenon of ...

has been brought into focus/into public attention.

最近关于....的现象(问题)已经进入了公众的视线。

3 Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.

通货膨胀(****、社会不平等社会问题)已经成为了新的可怕的真相,使我们不得不持续地面对。

3观点法:开门见山,直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法。

1 Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginning/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...

现在越来越多的人已经开始意识到...

2 Now there is a(n) growing awareness

/recognition of the necessity to....

越来越多人已经意识到....的必要性

4 Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that.... 是时候应该对用一种新的观点(态度)来看待...了

4引用法:先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法,来引出文章要展开论述的观点!

1 “Knowledge is power.” This is the remark made by Bacon. This remark has been shared by more and more people.

2 “Education is not complete with graduation.” This is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.

3 “....” We often hear statements/words like those/this. 我们经常听到这句名言...

4 We often hear such traditional complains as this “....”. 我们经常听到这句古训...

5比较法:通过对过去、现在两种不同的倾向、观点的比较,引出文章要讨论的观点。

1 For years, ...had been viewed as .... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ..., people ....

多年来,普遍认为的观点是...但是现在人们正用一种新的眼光看...随着...的增长,人们还会...

2 People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new idea.

过去人们认为,但是现在人们有了新的观点。

6故事法:先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣,引出文章的主题。少用!

1 Once in (a newspaper) I read of/learnt..... The phenomenon of ... has aroused public concern.

2 I have a friend who ... Should he ....? Such a dilemma we are often confronted with in our daily life.

我有个朋友他....他应该这样吗?此类困难在我们日常生活中一直遇到。

3Once upon a time, there lived a man who .... This story may be (unbelievable) but it still has a realistic significance now.

从前有个人...这个故事也许是虚构的,但我认为现在很有现实意义。

第二部分:万能套用句子

一段首句

1. 关于…人们有不同的观点。一些人认为…

There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.

2. 俗话说(常言道)…它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,它在许多场合仍然适用。

There is an old saying______. Its the experience of our forefathers,however,it is correct in many cases even today.

3. 现在,…它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,…其次,…更为糟糕的是…。

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is that______.

4. 现在,…很普遍,许多人喜欢…,因为…,另外(而且)…

Nowadays,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.

5. 任何事物都是有两面性,…也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

6. 关于…人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)…在他们看来,… Peoples opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.

7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题…,这个问题变得越来越严重。 Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

9. …在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出…。很显然…,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while. Obviously,______,but why?

(二)中间段落句

1. 相反,有一些人赞成…,他们相信…,而且,他们认为…。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____.

2. 但是,我认为这不是解决…的好方法,比如…。最糟糕的是…。But I dont think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example,____.Worst of all,___.

3. …对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,也是非常重要的。首先,…而且…,最重要的是…

______is necessary and important to our country“s development and construction. First,______.What”s more, _____.Most important of all,______.

4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以…。 There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______

5. 面临…,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来…。一方面…,另一方面。

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______

6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说…,另外…。所有这些方法肯定会…。 It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition. _____.All these measures will certainly______.

7. 为什么…?第一个原因是…;第二个原因是…;第三个原因是…。总的来说,…的主要原因是由于…

Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this, the main cause of ______due to______.

8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,…也有它的不利的一面,象…。

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______.

9. 尽管如此,我相信…更有利。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous. 10. 完全同意…这种观点(陈述)主要理由如下: I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.

(三)结尾句

1. 至于我,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点,我认为…

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that ____.

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of ______.Only in this way can ______in the future.

3. 但是,…和…都有它们各自的优势(好处)例如,…而…。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢)…

But ______and ______have their own advantages. For example, _____, while_____. Comparing this with that, however, I prefer to______.

4. 就我个人而言,我相信…,因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们。因为…

Personally, I believe that_____. Consequently, Im confident that a bright future is awaiting us because______.

5. 随着社会的发展,…因此,迫切需要…。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。

With the development of society, ______.So its urgent and necessary to ____.If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, it will be better and better.

6. 至于我(对我来说,就我而言)我认为…更合理。只有这样,我们才能… For my part, I think it reasonable to_____. Only in this way can you _____.

7. 对我来说,我认为有必要…。原因如下:第一,… 第二,…最后…但同样重要的是…

In my opinion, I think it necessary to____. The reasons are as follows. First _____.Second ______. Last but not least,______.

8. 在总体上很难说…是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于…的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现…。

It is difficult to say whether _____is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______. However, from a personal point of view find______.

9. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论…

From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that____.

10. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是…

If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is_____.

第三部分:全文模板

1、话题作文

Nowadays, there are more and more __ _ in __ _. It is estimated that ___. Why have there been so many ____? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows.

The first one is ______. Besides,_____. The third one is _____. To sum up, the main cause of it is due to _____. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing,_____. For another thing, _____. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of _____.

2、对比观点作文

1 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。

1. 有一些人认为。。 2. 另一些人认为。。 3. 我的看法。。

The topic of ①-----------------主题is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------支持A的理由一What is more, ③-------------理由二. Moreover, ④---------------理由三.

While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides)⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally)⑦------------------(理由三).

From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .

2 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处).

In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二).

Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主题的看法)

3.阐述主题题型

要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述. 1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义. 2. 分析并举例使其更充实.

The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.

First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三).

4.解决方法题型

要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径

1. 问题现状 2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)

In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明A的现状).Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状)

Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).

Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, Im confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处). .

5.说明利弊题型

这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)

1. 说明事物现状

2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面) 3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二).

But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点).

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------我的看法. From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------对前景的预测

6、图标作文

As is shown by the figure/percentage in the table/picture,____ has been on rise/ decrease, significantly/dramatically rising/decreasing from ____ in _____ to _____ in _____. From the sharp rise/decline in the chart, it goes without saying that _____.

There are at least two good reasons accounting for _____. In one hand, ____.In the other hand, _____ is due to the fact that ______.In addition, ______ is responsible for _____. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ______.But itis generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing.

As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.

7、书信作文模板

Your addressMonth, Date, yearReceivers addressDear …

I am extremely pleased to hear from you. And I would like to write a letter to tell you that_____. …

I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/I am looking f0rward to your replies at your earliest convenience. Best regards for your health and success.

Sincerely yours。

xxx

实用性写作(申请信 )

Your address Month, Date, year Receivers address Dear ...。

I am extremely pleased to hear from you./ to see your advertisement for the position in .... And I would like to write a letter to tell you that.../ I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising.

.../ I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, .... On the other hand, .... I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference.

I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/ I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience. Best regards for your health and success.

Sincerely yours。

xxx

附2021高考英语八大热点应用文范文

备考资料,书信作文模板(图1)

本文相关词条概念解析:

观点

观点:处于一定立场,分析事物利弊和适用性的表达。

理由

理由是一个名词,拼音为lǐyóu,是指事情的道理、原由、依据。理由是原因和事实促成的。理由就是理由,而不是借口。找理由当借口那是另一回事。

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